May 14: A Sense of History
1 Chronicles 1:1–54; 1 Timothy 2:1–15; Psalm 74:1–23
When I was in sixth grade, my teacher assigned our class a family genealogy and history project. At first it was frustrating. It seemed like unnecessary work. But eventually I became obsessive over it as I discovered our family stories. Many of us share this same experience; we’ve uncovered ancestors who have done great things. Through this process, we can begin to understand not just these people of history, but also ourselves.
Although we may be especially interested in our own family history, who doesn’t skip (or at least think about skipping) the genealogies of the Bible? Even if we’re serious about reading biblical books front to back, we prefer to skip over the long lists of names. But that would be a mistake in the case of 1 Chr 1:1–54. This genealogy is about human history leading up to a monumental person: King David. The lineage also makes the book of Ruth incredibly relevant: Boaz, Ruth’s husband, shows up in the line (1 Chr 2:11–12), which indicates that God had a plan to enfold non-Israelites into His people long before Christ’s work brought about that result (e.g., Acts 2).
Just as our family history teaches us about the way we are, reading the Bible allows us to learn why David was the way he was. Through genealogies, we can learn about the heart and character of God and His intricate plan to save the world.
How does the sense of history conveyed in the Bible connect to your sense of history? How does it connect to the work Christ is doing in and through you today?
JOHN D. BARRY
- Adam, Seth, Enosh, Cainan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. The sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. And the sons of Gomer, Ashkenaz, and Diphath and Togarmah. Also the sons of Javan, Elishah and Tarshishah, Kittim, and Dodanim. The sons of Ham were Cush, and Mizraim, Put and Canaan. And the sons of Cush, Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raama, and Sabtecha. Also the sons of Raama were Sheba and Dedan. And Cush begat Nimrod, who began to be mighty in the earth. And Mizraim begat Ludim and Anamim, Lehabim, and Naphtuhim: Pathrusim also, and Casluhim, or whom came the Philistines, and Caphtorim. Also Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, And the Jebusite, and the Amorites, and the Girgashite, And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech. Also Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber. Unto Eber also were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg: for in his days was the earth divided, and his brother’s name was Joktan. Then Joktan begat Almodad and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth and Jerah, And Hadoram, and Uzal and Diklah, And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba, And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan. Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, Abrah, which is Abraham. The sons of Abraham were Isaac, and Ishmael. These are their generations. The eldest son of Ishmael was Nebajoth, and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah: these are the sons of Ishmael. And Keturah Abraham’s concubine bare sons, Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah: and the sons of Jokshan, Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Midian were Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch and Abida, and Eldaah: All these are the sons of Keturah. And Abraham begat Isaac: the sons of Isaac, Esau and Israel. The sons of Esau were Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. The sons of Eliphaz, Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek. The sons of Reuel, Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. And the sons of Seir, Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan. And the sons of Lotan, Hori, and homam, and Timna Lotan’s sister. The sons of Shobal were Ailan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon, Ajah and Anah. The sons of Anah was Dishon. And the sons of Dishon, Hamran, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. The sons of Ezer were Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Jaakan. The sons of Dishan were Uz, and Aran. And these were the Kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before a King reigned over the children of Israel, to wit, Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. Then Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead. And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bead, which smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead, and the name of his city was Avith. So Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead. And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. And when Saul was dead, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. And Baal-Hanan died, and Hadad reigned in his stead, and the name of his city was Pai, and his wife’s name Mehetabel the daughter of Matred the daughter of Mezahab. Hadad died also, and there were dukes in Edom, duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth, Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these were the dukes of Edom. 1 Chronicles 1:1–54
- Exhort therefore, that first of all supplications, prayers, intercession, and giving of thanks be made for all men, For Kings, and for all that are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceful life, in all godliness, and honesty. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior. Who will that all men shall be saved, and come unto the acknowledging of the truth. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and man, which is the man Christ Jesus, Who gave himself a ransom for all men, to be that testimony in due time, Whereunto I am ordained a preacher and an Apostle (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not) even a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verify. I will therefore that the men pray, everywhere lifting up pure hands without wrath, or doubting. Likewise also the women, that they array themselves in comely apparel, with shamefulness and modesty, not with braided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly apparel, But (as becometh women that profess the fear of God) with good works. Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. I permit not a woman to teach, neither to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived, and was in the transgression. Notwithstanding, through bearing of children she shall be saved, if they continue in faith, and love, and holiness with modesty. 1 Timothy 2:1–15
- O God, why hast thou put us away forever? why is thy wrath kindled against the sheep of thy pasture? Think upon the congregation, which thou hast possessed of old, and on the rod of thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed, and on this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt. Lift up thy strokes, that thou mayest forever destroy every enemy that doeth evil to the Sanctuary. Thine adversaries roar in the midst of thy congregation, and set up their banners for signs. He that lifted the axes upon the thick trees, was renowned as one that brought a thing to perfection: But now they break down the carved work thereof with axes and hammers. They have cast thy Sanctuary into the fire, and razed it to the ground, and have defiled the dwelling place of thy Name. They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them altogether: they have burnt all the Synagogues of God in the land. We see not our signs: there is not one Prophet more, nor any with us that knoweth how long. O God, how long shall the adversary reproach thee? shall the enemy blaspheme thy Name forever? Why withdrawest thou thine hand, even thy right hand? draw it out of thy bosom, and consume them. Even God is my king of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth. Thou didst divide the sea by thy power: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters. Thou brakest the head of Leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat for the people in wilderness. Thou brakest up the fountain and river: thou driest up mighty rivers. The day is thine, and the night is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun. Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made Summer and Winter. Remember this, that the enemy hath reproached the Lord, and the foolish people hath blasphemed thy Name. Give not the soul of thy turtle dove unto the beast, and forget not the Congregation of thy poor forever. Consider thy covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of the cruel. O let not the oppressed return ashamed, but let the poor and needy praise thy Name. Arise, O God: maintain thy own cause: remember thy daily reproach by the foolish man. forget not the voice of thine enemies: for the tumult of them that rise against thee, ascendeth continually. Psalm 74:1–23