Connect The Testaments

February 7: Bread from Heaven and Water from a Rock

Exodus 16–18; John 3:22–36; Song of Solomon 2:8–13

For many years, I said that I believed God would provide for me, but I’m not sure I actually did. Somewhere inside I was still convinced that I was on my own. It wasn’t until recently that I felt convicted about this, and God began working in me to make the necessary changes. As I was dealing with this, I started contemplating what trust issues might’ve looked like for the ancients. Of nearly all biblical characters, Noah must have seemed the craziest to his friends. But I think Moses faced some of the greatest interpersonal struggles involving trust.

Over and over again, the people Moses is leading blame him for all their problems. And they rarely give him credit for his good attributes. God is faithful, though. It’s Moses who sees bread come from heaven (Exod 16) and water from a rock (Exod 17:1–7).

And this really puts it in perspective: if God is capable of this kind of deliverance, what am I so afraid of? It’s not my own strength that will empower me, and even if it were, what good is it? If I put my trust in my own abilities, how will I grow in my trust in God?
Like Moses, I must be willing to be audacious. If God calls me to look to the heavens for providence, I must do it. If He calls me to strike the rock, I must strike it. As the Gospel of John says, “The one who comes from above is over all. The one who is from the earth is from the earth and speaks from the earth” (John 3:31). Let’s be the people who seek the one from above: Jesus.

How do you trust in yourself instead of in God for your needs? How does this impede your relationship with Him and the work He wants to do through you?



  • Afterward all the Congregation of the children of Israel departed from Elim, and came ot the wilderness of Sin, (which is between Elim and Sinai) the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. And the whole Congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses, adn against Aaron in the wilderness. For the children of Israel said to them Oh that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, when we ate bread our bellies full: for ye have brought us out into this wilderness, to kill this whole company with famine. Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I will cause bread to rain from heaven to you, and the people shall go out, and gather tat that is sufficient for every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law or no. But the sixth day they shall prepare that, which they shall bring home, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. Then Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even ye shall know, that the Lord brougth you out of the land of Egypt: And in the morning ye shall see the glory of the Lord: for he hath heard your grudgings against the Lord: and what are we that ye have murmured against us? Again, Moses said, At even shall the Lord give you flesh to eat, and in the morning your fill of bread: for the Lord hath heard your murmurings, which ye murmur against him: for what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the Lord. And Moses said to Aaron, Say unto all the Congregation of the children of Israel, Draw near before the Lord: for he hath heard your murmurings. Now as Aaron spake unto the whole Congregation of the children of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in a cloud. (For the Lord had spoken unto Moses, saying, I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: tell them therefore, and say, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread, and e shall know that I am the Lord your God.) And so at even the quails came and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. And when the dew that was fallen was ascended, behold, a small round thing wasupon the face of the wilderness, small as the hoary frost upon the earth. And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is Manna, for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat. This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded: gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for a man according to the number of your persons: every man shall take for them which are in his tent. And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. And when they did measure it with an omer, he that had gathered much, had nothing over, and he that had gathere dlittle, had no lack: so every man gathered according to his eating. Moses then said unto them, Let no man reserve thereof till morning. Notwithstanding they obeyed not Moses: but some of them reserved of it till morning, and it was full of worms, adn stank: therefore Moses was angry with them.And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: for when the heat of the sun came, it was melted. And the sixth day they gathered twice so much bread, two omers for one man: then all the rulers of the Congregation came and told Moses. And he answered them, This is that which the Lord hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy Sabbath unto the Lord: bake that today which ye will bake, and seethe that which ye will seethe, and all that remaineth, lay it up to be kept till the morning for you. And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade, and it stank not, neither was thre any worm therein. Then Moses said, Eat that today: for today is the Sabbth unto the Lord: today ye shall not find it in the field. Six days shall ye gather it, but in the seventh day is the Sabbath: in it there shall be none. Notwithstanding, there went out some of the people in the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments, adn my laws? Behold, how the Lord hath given you the Sabbath: therefore he giveth you the sixth day bread for two days: tarry therefore every man in his place: let no man go out of his place the seventh day. So the people rested the seventh day. And the house of Israel called the name of it Manna, and it was like to coriander seed, but white: and the taste of it was like unto wafers made with honey. And Moses said, This is that which the Lord had commanded, Fill an omer of it, to keep it for your posterity that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt. Moses also said to Aaron, Take a pot and put an omer full of Manna therein, and set it before the Lord to be kept for your posterity. As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony to be kept. And the children of Isael did eat Manna forty years, until they came unto a land inhabited: they did eat Manna until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan. The omer is the tenth part of the Ephah. And all the Congregation of the children of Israel departed from teh wilderness of Sin, by their journeys at the commandment of the Lord, and camped in Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink. Wherefore the people contended with Moses, and said, Give us water, that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why contend ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the Lord? So the people thirsted there for water, and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore hast thou thus brought us out of Egypt, to kill us, and out children, and our cattle with thirst? And Moses cried uto the Lord, saying, What shall I do to this people? for they be almost ready to stone me. And the Lord answered to Moses, Go before the people, and take with thee of teh Elders of Israel: and thy rod wherewith thou smotst the river, take in thine hand, and go: Behold, I wil stand there before thee upon the rok in Horeb, adn thou shalt smite on the rock, and water shll come out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the Elders of Israel. And he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, becaues of the contention of teh children of Israel, and because they had tempted the Lord, saying ,Is the Lord among us, or no? Then came Amalek and fought with Israel in Rephidim. And Moses said to Joseiua, Choose us out men, and go fight with Amalek: and oses, Aaron, and Hur, went up to the top of the hill. And when Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed: but when he let his hand down, Amalek prevailed. Now Moses hands were heavey: therefore they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat upon it: and Aaro and Hr stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side: fso his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people wih the edge of the sword. And the Lord said to Moses, Write this for a remembrance in the book, and rehearse it to Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. (And Moses built an altar, and claled the name  of it Jehovah Nissi.) Also he said, The Lord hath sworn, that he will have war with Amalek from generation to generation. When Jethro the Priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and how th eLord had brought Israel out of Egypt, Then Jethro the father-in-law of Moses, took Zipporah Moses’ wife, (after he had sent her away) And her two sons, (whereof the one was called Gershom: for he said, I have beeen an alien in a strnage land: And the name of the other was Eliezer: for the God of my father, said hewas mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh). And Jethro Moses’ father-in-law came with his two sons, and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he camped by the mount of God. And he said to Moses, I thy father-in-law Jethro am come to thee, and thy wife and her two sons with her. And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and did obseisance, and kissed him and each asked other of his welfare: and they came into the tent. Then Moses told his father-in-law all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh, and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, and all the travail that had come unto them by the way, and how the Lord delivered them. And Jethro rejoiced at all the goodness, which the Lord had showed to Israel, and because he had delivered them out of the hand of the Egyptians. Therefore Jethro said, Blessed be the Lord who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh: who hath also delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. Now I know that the Lord is greater than all the gods: for as they have dealt proudly with them, so are they recompensed. Then Jethro Moses’ father-in-law took burnt offerings and sacrifices, to offer unto God. And Aaron and all the Elders of Israel came to eat bread with Moses father-in-law before God. Now on the morrow, when Moses sat to judge the people, the people stood about Moses from morning unto even. And when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand about thee from morning unto even?  And Moses said unto his father-in-law, Because the people come unto me to seek God. When they have a matter, they come unto me, and I judge between one and another, and declare the ordinances of God, and his laws. But Moses’ father-in-law said unto him, The thing which thou doest, is not well. Thou both weariest thyself greatly, and this peopel that is with thee: for the thing is too heavy for thee: thou art not able to do it thyself alone. Hear now my voice, (I willl give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee) be thou for the people to Godward and report thou the causes unto God, And admonish them of the ordinances, and of the laws, and show them the way, wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do. Moreover, provide thou among all the people men of courage, fearing God, men dealing truly, hating covetousness: and apoint such over them to berulers over thousands, rulers over hundreds, rulers over fifties, and rulers over tens. And let them judge the people at all seasons: but every great matter let them bring unto thee, and let them judge all small causes: so shall it be easier for thee, when they shall bear the burden with thee. If thou do this thing, (and God socommand thee) both thou shalt be able to endure, adn all this people shall also go quietly to their place. So Moses obeyed the voice of his father-in-law, and did al that he had said: And Moses chose men of courage out of al lIsrael, and made them head over the people, rulers over thousands, rulers over hundreds, rulers over fifties, and rulers over tens. And they judged the people at all seasons, but they brought the hard causes to Moses: for they judged all small matters themselves. Afterward Moses let his father-in-law depart, and he went into his country.  Exodus 16–18
  • After these things came Jesus, and his disciples into the land of Judea, and there tarried with them, and baptized. And John also baptized in Aenon besides Salim, because there was much water there: and they came and were baptized. For John was not yet cast into prison. Then there arose a question between John’s disciples and the jews, about purifying. And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, he baptizeth, adn all men come to him. John answerd, and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven. Ye yourselves are my witnesses, that I said, I am not that Christ, but that I am sent before him. He that hath the bride, is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly, because of the bridegroom’s voice. This my joy therefore is fulfilled. He must increase, but I must decrease. He that is come from on high, is above all: he that is fo the erath, is of the earth, and speaketh of the earth: he that is come from heaven, is above all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth: but no man receiveth his testimony. He that hath receiveth his testimony, hath sealed that God is true. For he whom God hath sent, speaketh the words of God: for God giveth him not the Spirit by measure. The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand. He that believeth in the Son, hath everlasting life, adn he that obeyeth not the Son, shall not see life, but the wrath of God abideth on him. John 3:22–36
  • It is the voice of my well-beloved: behold, he cometh leaping by the mountains, and skipping by the hills. My well-beloved is like a roe, or a young hart: lo, he standeth behind our wall, looking forth of the windows, showing himself through the grates. My well-beloved spake and said unto me, Arise, y love, my fair one, and come thy way. For behold, winter is past: the rain is changed, adn is gone away. The flowers appear in the earth: the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land. The fig tree hath brought forth her young figs: and the vines with their small grapes have cast a savor: arise my love, my fair one, and come away. Song of Solomon 2:8–13


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